Choose a topic from Part 2B:

101. Piety

1. Piety is the virtue which disposes a person to show duedeference, honor, and veneration to those who hold a place ofexcellence, and who have conferred benefit upon him. Piety is paidfirst to God, the supreme excellence, the giver of all good gifts.Secondly, piety is honor and veneration shown to parents. Further,piety is due reverence and respect paid to kinsfolk, to superiorsin Church or state, to one's government itself and its alliesand friends.

2. Piety, as the reverent respect and honor paid toparents, is usually called filial piety. It is a virtue,and therefore consists in more than suitable outward conduct; itinvolves the heart and mind and will; it means looking afterone's parents, lending them needed support, making sacrifice togive them care and comfort in their age, and seeing that they arewell attended in illness.

3. Piety is a special virtue which springs from justice.It is specified (that is, given its character as a distinct virtueon its own account) by the fact that a special debt is owed to theprinciple of one's being- God first, and then parents. The samevirtue extends to those that represent the principle of spiritualand political citizenship, that is, leaders in Church andgovernment.

4. Piety and religion are two virtues. They never comeinto conflict, for virtue never clashes with virtue. Yet inperforming the acts of virtues, a person may find himself inconflicting circumstances. In such a case, the essential worship ofGod must not be neglected out of a mistaken notion of piety towardsparents. On the other hand, real neglect of duty to parents cannotbe brushed aside in the name of religion. Thus, a man would dowrong to defer his baptism because ofparental objection. Anda man would do wrong to neglect sick or needy parents so that hemight send an alms to a charitable organization, or have means toenable him to attend a religious convention or congress.

"It is not God's will that we should abound in spiritual delights, but that in all things we should submit to his holy will."
Blessed Henry Suso

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"To do God's will -- this was the goal upon which the saints constantly fixed their gaze. They were fully persuaded that in this consists the entire perfection of the soul. "
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"The Lord has always revealed to mortals the treasures of his wisdom and his spirit, but now that the face of evil bares itself more and more, so does the Lord bare his treasures more."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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