Choose a topic from Part 2B:

103. Veneration or Dulia

1. Honor paid to God may be wholly spiritual and in theheart, and it may also be expressed in outward acts and signs. Buthonor paid to creatures is external, for creatures cannot read theheart. The respect we have inwardly for creatures does not trulyhonor them until it is shown to them, and this cannot beexcept in external signs. We honor creatures by words, deeds,sensible signs, salutations, tributes, statues, and so on.

2. Honor or veneration is owed to persons of excellence,whether this be a general or a particular excellence, whether it beofficial or personal excellence.

3. The honor and veneration due to men is called by theGreek name of dulia. This is distinct from the honor andveneration paid to God, which is latria.

4. There are no essentially different kinds ofdulia, but it may be accidentally diversified by thevarious human relationships on which it is founded.

"The more you know and the better you understand, the more severely will you be judged, unless your life is also the more holy. Do not be proud, therefore, because of your learning or skill. Rather, fear because of the talent given you."
Thomas á Kempis

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"Obedience is the true holocaust which we sacrifice to God on the altar of our hearts."
St Philip Neri

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"God gives us some things, as the beginning of faith, even when we do not pray. Other things, such as perseverance, he has only provided for those who pray."
St Augustine

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