Choose a topic from Part 2B:

103. Veneration or Dulia

1. Honor paid to God may be wholly spiritual and in theheart, and it may also be expressed in outward acts and signs. Buthonor paid to creatures is external, for creatures cannot read theheart. The respect we have inwardly for creatures does not trulyhonor them until it is shown to them, and this cannot beexcept in external signs. We honor creatures by words, deeds,sensible signs, salutations, tributes, statues, and so on.

2. Honor or veneration is owed to persons of excellence,whether this be a general or a particular excellence, whether it beofficial or personal excellence.

3. The honor and veneration due to men is called by theGreek name of dulia. This is distinct from the honor andveneration paid to God, which is latria.

4. There are no essentially different kinds ofdulia, but it may be accidentally diversified by thevarious human relationships on which it is founded.

"The essence of perfection is to embrace the will of God in all things, prosperous or adverse. In prosperity, even sinners find it easy to unite themselves to the divine will; but it takes saints to unite themselves to God's will when things go wrong and are painful to self-love. Our conduct in such instances is the measure of our love of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Every man naturally desires knowledge; but what good is knowledge without fear of God? Indeed a humble rustic who serves God is better than a proud intellectual who neglects his soul to study the course of the stars."
Thomas á Kempis

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"The name of Jesus, pronounced with reverence and affection, has a kind of power to soften the heart. "
St Philip Neri

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