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123. The Virtue of Fortitude

1. We speak of fortitude as a virtue. In another place weshall discuss the gift of the Holy Ghost which has the same name.Fortitude is the virtue which enables a person to withstand thegreatest difficulties that block him from attaining his truegoal.

2. It is the special business of fortitude to stand up tograve difficulties and dangers. Since it has a special business, aspecial aim and purpose, it serves good in a special way, and is aspecial virtue. This means that fortitude is specifically distinctfrom other virtues, and is a clear-cut virtue on its ownaccount.

3. Fortitude puts down the paralysis of fear that wouldkeep a person from facing up to danger. On the other hand, itmoderatesdaring or courage which, without it, might lead aman to wildly impulsive and ineffective action.

4. In strictest interpretation of its meaning, fortitudeis the virtue of bravely facing the danger of death. A man capableof meeting with fortitude this greatest of dangers is not dauntedby lesser perils.

5. Therefore, fortitude is a soldierly virtue which facesdanger of death in defense of a just cause, whether in actual war,or in the warring we wage in daily life against the enemies of oursoul and its salvation. Fortitude is the hero's virtue, themartyr's virtue; it faces death bravely in spite of innerfears. Fortitude strengthens the soldier in war; fortitude helps aman practice religion in the face of derision and persecution;fortitude enables a person to care for the sick or to bury the deadin spite of the serious risk of deadly infection.

6. The chief act of fortitude is that of enduring, ofbearing up, of seeing the business through. It is not alone thevirtue of coming to grips with danger; it is also the holdingon.

7. The brave man cherishes fortitude as something good initself, and he strives to have it, to preserve it, and to manifestit in action when occasion calls for its exercise.

8. The man of fortitude has delight of soul in his strongendurance for good. Yet he must bear threat and hardship, pain, andperhaps death; in these trials, as such, there is no delight, butsorrow.

9. Fortitude is a virtue which meets danger as it comes,and often it comes suddenly and without warning. But fortitudeendures because it is seated in the soul as a habit, and thereforeit involves long forethought and preparation by which a man is madeready for sudden assaults.

10. Into the action of a brave man under the stress ofattack and serious danger, there enters an element of anger; notimmoderate, but moderate anger.

11. Fortitude is a fundamental or cardinalvirtue. It is an aid to every other virtue as a bulwark ofsteadfastness, and helps other virtues attain their ends despitewhat blocks and deters them.

12. Fortitude is a great and necessary virtue, but it isnot the most excellent of all. Of the four cardinal virtues, thedescending order of excellence is as follows: prudence is first,justice second, fortitude third, and temperance fourth.

"It is not God's will that we should abound in spiritual delights, but that in all things we should submit to his holy will."
Blessed Henry Suso

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"A man should keep himself down, and not busy himself in mirabilibus super se."
St Philip Neri

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"Let no one wear a mask, otherwise he will do ill; and if he has one, let him burn it."
St Philip Neri

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