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111. Dissimulation and Hypocrisy

1. What a lie is in words, dissimulation is in outwardaction. Hence, dissimulation has the character and evil of lying.Yet not every pretense is dissimulation; there is figurative actionas well as figurative speech.

2. Hypocrisy is a kind of dissimulation. A man is asimulator when his actions express any falsity. He is ahypocrite only when the falsity which his actions expressis that he is a better, or wiser, or holier person than he actuallyis.

3. All dissimulation is a lie in action. Hypocrisy is atype of dissimulation. Therefore hypocrisy is a he in action, andconsequently it is a sin.

4. Hypocrisy (and, indeed, all dissimulation) is a mortalor a venial sin, according to the end intended by the simulator orhypocrite. If this end be directly opposed to charity, and isa matter of importance, the sin is mortal.

"Let persons in the world sanctify themselves in their own houses, for neither the court, professions, or labour, are any hindrance to the service of God."
St Philip Neri

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"Let no one wear a mask, otherwise he will do ill; and if he has one, let him burn it."
St Philip Neri

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"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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