Choose a topic from Part 2B:

107. Ingratitude

1. Gratitude is a virtue. Its direct opposite is thereforea vice. Ingratitude is the vice which stands opposed to the virtueof gratitude.

2. The vice of ingratitude finds expression in sins ofingratitude. Acts or sins of ingratitude are of three types: (a)failure to return a favor received; (b) failure to express thanksfor a favor; (c) failure to notice that one has received a favor atall. These types of ungratefulacts are degrees, andare rated, in the order given, as bad, worse, and worst of all.

3. Conscious ingratitude is always a sin, mortal orvenial, according to the nature of the ungrateful act and theconditions of its doing. When ingratitude is complete, it iscombined with contempt for the duty and obligation imposed bygratitude, and this can make it a mortal sin. Usually, however,human ingratitude is a matter of negligence or carelessness.

4. We are not to refuse a favor to a person who has provedhimself ungrateful. For we are the children of God, who does notcease to shower his gifts on sinners who offend him. We are meantto imitate God.

"The greatest glory we can give to God is to do his will in everything."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Every man naturally desires knowledge; but what good is knowledge without fear of God? Indeed a humble rustic who serves God is better than a proud intellectual who neglects his soul to study the course of the stars."
Thomas á Kempis

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"The supreme perfection of man in this life is to be so united to God that all his soul with all its faculties and powers are so gathered into the Lord God that he becomes one spirit with him, and remembers nothing except God, is aware of and recognises nothing but God, but with all his desires unified by the joy of love, he rests contentedly in the enjoyment of his Maker alone."
St Albert the Great

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