Choose a topic from Part 2B:

107. Ingratitude

1. Gratitude is a virtue. Its direct opposite is thereforea vice. Ingratitude is the vice which stands opposed to the virtueof gratitude.

2. The vice of ingratitude finds expression in sins ofingratitude. Acts or sins of ingratitude are of three types: (a)failure to return a favor received; (b) failure to express thanksfor a favor; (c) failure to notice that one has received a favor atall. These types of ungratefulacts are degrees, andare rated, in the order given, as bad, worse, and worst of all.

3. Conscious ingratitude is always a sin, mortal orvenial, according to the nature of the ungrateful act and theconditions of its doing. When ingratitude is complete, it iscombined with contempt for the duty and obligation imposed bygratitude, and this can make it a mortal sin. Usually, however,human ingratitude is a matter of negligence or carelessness.

4. We are not to refuse a favor to a person who has provedhimself ungrateful. For we are the children of God, who does notcease to shower his gifts on sinners who offend him. We are meantto imitate God.

"A tree that is cultivated and guarded through the care of its owner produces its fruit at the expected time. "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"It is better to be burdened and in company with the strong than to be unburdened and with the weak. When you are burdened you are close to God, your strength, who abides with the afflicted. When you are relieved of the burden you are close to yourself, your own weakness; for virtue and strength of soul grow and are confirmed in the trials of patience."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"Every man naturally desires knowledge; but what good is knowledge without fear of God? Indeed a humble rustic who serves God is better than a proud intellectual who neglects his soul to study the course of the stars."
Thomas á Kempis

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