Choose a topic from Part 2B:

101. Piety

1. Piety is the virtue which disposes a person to show duedeference, honor, and veneration to those who hold a place ofexcellence, and who have conferred benefit upon him. Piety is paidfirst to God, the supreme excellence, the giver of all good gifts.Secondly, piety is honor and veneration shown to parents. Further,piety is due reverence and respect paid to kinsfolk, to superiorsin Church or state, to one's government itself and its alliesand friends.

2. Piety, as the reverent respect and honor paid toparents, is usually called filial piety. It is a virtue,and therefore consists in more than suitable outward conduct; itinvolves the heart and mind and will; it means looking afterone's parents, lending them needed support, making sacrifice togive them care and comfort in their age, and seeing that they arewell attended in illness.

3. Piety is a special virtue which springs from justice.It is specified (that is, given its character as a distinct virtueon its own account) by the fact that a special debt is owed to theprinciple of one's being- God first, and then parents. The samevirtue extends to those that represent the principle of spiritualand political citizenship, that is, leaders in Church andgovernment.

4. Piety and religion are two virtues. They never comeinto conflict, for virtue never clashes with virtue. Yet inperforming the acts of virtues, a person may find himself inconflicting circumstances. In such a case, the essential worship ofGod must not be neglected out of a mistaken notion of piety towardsparents. On the other hand, real neglect of duty to parents cannotbe brushed aside in the name of religion. Thus, a man would dowrong to defer his baptism because ofparental objection. Anda man would do wrong to neglect sick or needy parents so that hemight send an alms to a charitable organization, or have means toenable him to attend a religious convention or congress.

"O Lord, my God, who will seek you with simple and pure love, and not find that you are all one can desire, for you show yourself first and go out to meet those who seek you? "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"For what would it profit us to know the whole Bible by heart and the principles of all the philosophers if we live without grace and the love of God?"
Thomas á Kempis

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"Before a man chooses his confessor, he ought to think well about it, and pray about it also; but when he has once chosen, he ought not to change, except for most urgent reasons, but put the utmost confidence in his director."
St Philip Neri

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