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23. Dealing With Excommunicated Persons

1. If a person labors under full excommunication, havingbeen officially declared by name as one to be shunned, the faithfulcan have no dealings with him whatever. In other cases, it is notforbidden to deal with excommunicated persons in temporal matters,such as business transactions or casual social encounters.

2. It may happen, according to the canonical terms of thepenalty of excommunication as imposed, that one who deliberatelyand perversely disobeys the law by dealing with "anexcommunicated person named as one to be shunned," is himselfsubject to excommunication.

3. It is a sin to disobey the command of the Church bydealing in matters not permissible with an excommunicated person.This offence is a mortal sin: (a) if it involves a sharing of thecause for which the penalty and censure of excommunication wasimposed; or (b) if it deals with religion; or (c) if it impliescontempt for the Church.

"God gives us some things, as the beginning of faith, even when we do not pray. Other things, such as perseverance, he has only provided for those who pray."
St Augustine

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"As the flesh is nourished by food, so is man supported by prayers"
St Augustine

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"Obedience is the true holocaust which we sacrifice to God on the altar of our hearts."
St Philip Neri

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