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23. Dealing With Excommunicated Persons

1. If a person labors under full excommunication, havingbeen officially declared by name as one to be shunned, the faithfulcan have no dealings with him whatever. In other cases, it is notforbidden to deal with excommunicated persons in temporal matters,such as business transactions or casual social encounters.

2. It may happen, according to the canonical terms of thepenalty of excommunication as imposed, that one who deliberatelyand perversely disobeys the law by dealing with "anexcommunicated person named as one to be shunned," is himselfsubject to excommunication.

3. It is a sin to disobey the command of the Church bydealing in matters not permissible with an excommunicated person.This offence is a mortal sin: (a) if it involves a sharing of thecause for which the penalty and censure of excommunication wasimposed; or (b) if it deals with religion; or (c) if it impliescontempt for the Church.

"The Lord has always revealed to mortals the treasures of his wisdom and his spirit, but now that the face of evil bares itself more and more, so does the Lord bare his treasures more."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Lord, here burn, here cut, and dry up in me all that hinders me from going to You, that You may spare me in eternity."
St Louis Bertrand

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