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23. Dealing With Excommunicated Persons

1. If a person labors under full excommunication, havingbeen officially declared by name as one to be shunned, the faithfulcan have no dealings with him whatever. In other cases, it is notforbidden to deal with excommunicated persons in temporal matters,such as business transactions or casual social encounters.

2. It may happen, according to the canonical terms of thepenalty of excommunication as imposed, that one who deliberatelyand perversely disobeys the law by dealing with "anexcommunicated person named as one to be shunned," is himselfsubject to excommunication.

3. It is a sin to disobey the command of the Church bydealing in matters not permissible with an excommunicated person.This offence is a mortal sin: (a) if it involves a sharing of thecause for which the penalty and censure of excommunication wasimposed; or (b) if it deals with religion; or (c) if it impliescontempt for the Church.

"The essence of perfection is to embrace the will of God in all things, prosperous or adverse. In prosperity, even sinners find it easy to unite themselves to the divine will; but it takes saints to unite themselves to God's will when things go wrong and are painful to self-love. Our conduct in such instances is the measure of our love of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"To do God's will -- this was the goal upon which the saints constantly fixed their gaze. They were fully persuaded that in this consists the entire perfection of the soul. "
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"As the flesh is nourished by food, so is man supported by prayers"
St Augustine

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