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23. Dealing With Excommunicated Persons

1. If a person labors under full excommunication, havingbeen officially declared by name as one to be shunned, the faithfulcan have no dealings with him whatever. In other cases, it is notforbidden to deal with excommunicated persons in temporal matters,such as business transactions or casual social encounters.

2. It may happen, according to the canonical terms of thepenalty of excommunication as imposed, that one who deliberatelyand perversely disobeys the law by dealing with "anexcommunicated person named as one to be shunned," is himselfsubject to excommunication.

3. It is a sin to disobey the command of the Church bydealing in matters not permissible with an excommunicated person.This offence is a mortal sin: (a) if it involves a sharing of thecause for which the penalty and censure of excommunication wasimposed; or (b) if it deals with religion; or (c) if it impliescontempt for the Church.

"He who wishes to be perfectly obeyed, should give but few orders."
St Philip Neri

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"It is vanity to be concerned with the present only and not to make provision for things to come."
Thomas á Kempis

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"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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