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23. Dealing With Excommunicated Persons

1. If a person labors under full excommunication, havingbeen officially declared by name as one to be shunned, the faithfulcan have no dealings with him whatever. In other cases, it is notforbidden to deal with excommunicated persons in temporal matters,such as business transactions or casual social encounters.

2. It may happen, according to the canonical terms of thepenalty of excommunication as imposed, that one who deliberatelyand perversely disobeys the law by dealing with "anexcommunicated person named as one to be shunned," is himselfsubject to excommunication.

3. It is a sin to disobey the command of the Church bydealing in matters not permissible with an excommunicated person.This offence is a mortal sin: (a) if it involves a sharing of thecause for which the penalty and censure of excommunication wasimposed; or (b) if it deals with religion; or (c) if it impliescontempt for the Church.

"Let persons in the world sanctify themselves in their own houses, for neither the court, professions, or labour, are any hindrance to the service of God."
St Philip Neri

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"Many words do not satisfy the soul; but a good life eases the mind and a clean conscience inspires great trust in God."
Thomas á Kempis

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"When the devil has failed in making a man fall, he puts forward all his energies to create distrust between the penitent and the confessor, and so by little and little he gains his end at last."
St Philip Neri

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