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10. The Effect of Confession

1. Confession is a part of the sacrament ofpenance, and therefore shares the effect of the sacrament itself;it delivers the penitent from sin when it is made with perfectcontrition and with the qualities mentioned above, that is, when itis humble, sincere, and entire. If confession is made withimperfect, but supernatural, contrition, it does not deliver thepenitent from sin, but disposes him proximately for the absolutionwhich removes his sins.

2. Confession with absolution takes away the guilt ofmortal sins and the eternal punishment that is due to them; it alsolessens, in greater or smaller degree, the temporal punishment owedto forgiven mortal sins and to venial sins.

3. The power of forgiving sins, imparted by Christ to hispriests, is called "the power of the keys." For thesacrament of penance, rightly received, opens the gate of heaven tothe forgiven sinner. Hence we rightly speak of penance as the keyor keys to heaven, and of the power of conferring this sacrament asthe power of the keys.

4. We hope for forgiveness through Christ. By confessing,we submit ourselves to the power of the keys which has its efficacyfrom the Passion of Christ. Hence, an effect of confession is therenewed hope of heaven.

5. A man must confess all mortal sins that he rememberscommitting. If there be other mortal sins not remembered, theyshould be included in a general way in the confession, by use ofsome such phrase as, "For these sins that I have confessed,and for any others that I may have committed, I am sorry, and seekabsolution from them all."

"The essence of perfection is to embrace the will of God in all things, prosperous or adverse. In prosperity, even sinners find it easy to unite themselves to the divine will; but it takes saints to unite themselves to God's will when things go wrong and are painful to self-love. Our conduct in such instances is the measure of our love of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Those who love God are always happy, because their whole happiness is to fulfill, even in adversity, the will of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"It is better to be burdened and in company with the strong than to be unburdened and with the weak. When you are burdened you are close to God, your strength, who abides with the afflicted. When you are relieved of the burden you are close to yourself, your own weakness; for virtue and strength of soul grow and are confirmed in the trials of patience."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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