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14. The Quality of Satisfaction

1. A man in mortal sin cannot render satisfaction for hisother sins; for he cannot hold on to one or to some mortal sinswhile effectively satisfying for others. Yet a man who has the dutyof performing a penance imposed in confession is not freed fromthis obligation by reason of a mortal sin committed before theimposed penance is fully performed.

2. St. Paul (I Cor. 13:3) says: "If I shoulddistribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if I should delivermy body to be burned, and have not charity, if profiteth menothing." Charity is impossible to hold without the grace ofGod, and a man in mortal sin has forfeited that grace. He iswithout charity. Hence, his works have no value as satisfaction,even if offered as satisfaction for old and forgiven sins fromwhich he was absolved before his lapse into the present mortal sinthat stains his soul.

3. Nor do works of satisfaction which are ineffective ordead because their author is in the state of mortal sin, come tofife and exist as true works of satisfaction when he is restored tograce. Dead works lack the power of satisfaction when performed andever afterwards. Yet the performing of good works is valuable to aman in sin; not, indeed, as satisfaction, but as disposing him torepentance, and as setting up a congruous claim for the grace ofcontrition.

4. Works done without charity (which is love andfriendship existing by grace between God and the soul) are not onlywithout satisfactory power, but they are without meritorious value.Such works cannot merit condignly either eternal life ortemporal good. Yet, as has been said, they may make fitting orcongruous the extending of God's mercy to raise their authorfrom sin.

5. Good works done in the state of mortal sin may be said todiminish the pains of hell in the sense that they indicatesomething of good disposition in the sinner; such works at leastkeep their author from doing what would settle him more deeply inhell than he now deserves to be settled.

"Does our conduct correspond with our Faith?"
The Cure D'Ars

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"Spiritual persons ought to be equally ready to experience sweetness and consolation in the things of God, or to suffer and keep their ground in drynesses of spirit and devotion, and for as long as God pleases, without their making any complaint about it."
St Philip Neri

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"Whom do you seek, friend, if you seek not God? Seek him, find him, cleave to him; bind your will to his with bands of steel and you will live always at peace in this life and in the next."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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