Choose a topic from Part 2B:

127. Foolhardiness

1. Foolhardiness consists in action that is overbold,unreasonably daring. It is in conflict with reason, and hence is anevil or sin.

1. The parts of a virtue are its subsidiary orassociated virtues; that is, virtues aligned with it, but notcoextensive with it. The parts of fortitude are listed by Cicero(De Inv. Rhet. iii) as: (a) magnificence, or loftyundertaking, with noble purpose of mind; (b) confidence,orfirm hope in the undertaking; (c) patience, or prolongedendurance for virtue's sake; (d) perseverance, or fixedpersistence in a well-considered purpose.

2. Foolhardiness sins against the virtue of fortitude byexcess. It is not a reasonable, and even heroic, enduring ofdanger, but a foolish and unreasonable rushing into dangers thatneed not be encountered. Fortitude regulates fears and impulses inthe face of danger; foolhardiness is ill-regulated and wildlyimpulsive. Hence foolhardiness conflicts with fortitude.

128. THE PARTS OF FORTITUDE

"The name of Jesus, pronounced with reverence and affection, has a kind of power to soften the heart. "
St Philip Neri

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"Whoever wants to stand alone without the support of a master and guide will be like the tree that stands alone in a field without a proprietor. No matter how much the tree bears, passers-by will pick the fruit before it ripens. "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"God gives us some things, as the beginning of faith, even when we do not pray. Other things, such as perseverance, he has only provided for those who pray."
St Augustine

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