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36. The Person of God the Holy Ghost

1. The Third Person of the Blessed Trinity is the Holy Ghost or the Holy Spirit. These two names mean the same thing. They are names proper to the Third Person; thus they are personal names, not essential names. Since the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son as from a common principle, it is fitting that his name should be something that is common to Father and Son. St. Augustine says (De Trin. xv 17),"The Father is a spirit; the Son is a spirit. The Father is holy; the Son is holy." Therefore, Holy Spirit or HolyGhost is a name suitably applied to the Third Person of the Trinity.

2. The Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son,not from the Father alone. If the Holy Ghost were not from the Father and Son, there would be no relative opposition in the relation of Son and Holy Ghost, and these two would really be only one Person. Now, this is in conflict with the truth of the Trinity.Hence it is certain that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Fatherand the Son.

3. The Son, eternally begotten of the Father, constituteswith the Father the principle whence proceeds the Holy Ghost. It istherefore permissible to say that the Holy Ghost proceeds from theFather through the Son.

4. The Father and the Son are one principle whenceproceeds the Holy Ghost. The divine Persons are one in everythingthat is not relatively opposite (i.e., consisting in contrastedreal relation). Now, in spirating the Holy Ghost, the Father andthe Son act together as one and not as relatively opposed.Therefore Father and Son are one principle from which the HolyGhost proceeds.

"We must not be behind time in doing good; for death will not be behind his time. "
St Phillip Neri

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"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Though the path is plain and smooth for people of good will, those who walk it will not travel far, and will do so only with difficulty if they do not have good feet, courage, and tenacity of spirit. "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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