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36. The Person of God the Holy Ghost

1. The Third Person of the Blessed Trinity is the Holy Ghost or the Holy Spirit. These two names mean the same thing. They are names proper to the Third Person; thus they are personal names, not essential names. Since the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son as from a common principle, it is fitting that his name should be something that is common to Father and Son. St. Augustine says (De Trin. xv 17),"The Father is a spirit; the Son is a spirit. The Father is holy; the Son is holy." Therefore, Holy Spirit or HolyGhost is a name suitably applied to the Third Person of the Trinity.

2. The Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and the Son,not from the Father alone. If the Holy Ghost were not from the Father and Son, there would be no relative opposition in the relation of Son and Holy Ghost, and these two would really be only one Person. Now, this is in conflict with the truth of the Trinity.Hence it is certain that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Fatherand the Son.

3. The Son, eternally begotten of the Father, constituteswith the Father the principle whence proceeds the Holy Ghost. It istherefore permissible to say that the Holy Ghost proceeds from theFather through the Son.

4. The Father and the Son are one principle whenceproceeds the Holy Ghost. The divine Persons are one in everythingthat is not relatively opposite (i.e., consisting in contrastedreal relation). Now, in spirating the Holy Ghost, the Father andthe Son act together as one and not as relatively opposed.Therefore Father and Son are one principle from which the HolyGhost proceeds.

"It is better to be burdened and in company with the strong than to be unburdened and with the weak. When you are burdened you are close to God, your strength, who abides with the afflicted. When you are relieved of the burden you are close to yourself, your own weakness; for virtue and strength of soul grow and are confirmed in the trials of patience."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"O Lord, my God, who will seek you with simple and pure love, and not find that you are all one can desire, for you show yourself first and go out to meet those who seek you? "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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