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30. The Plurality of Persons in God

1. A divine Person is a real divine relation as subsisting in the divine nature or essence. Since there are several real relations in God, there are several Persons in God.

2. There are, in fact, three and only three Persons in God. The four real relations (paternity, filiation, relation consequent on spiration, relation consequent on procession) involve not four, but three, relatively opposed or contrasted terminals.These three are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

3. When we call God "One," we indicate the undivided divine essence or nature. When we call the Persons"Three," we mean that each is really distinct from the others as a Person, but not as God.

4. The meaning of the term person is common to the three Persons in God. Whether applied to Father, Son, or Holy Ghost, the term person means a really distinct divine relation, in which subsists one and the same undivided divine nature or essence.

"It is vanity to love what passes quickly and not to look ahead where eternal joy abides. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"God gives us some things, as the beginning of faith, even when we do not pray. Other things, such as perseverance, he has only provided for those who pray."
St Augustine

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