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90. The First Production of Man's Soul

1. The human soul is not an outpouring or sharing of thesubstance of God. God is pure actuality and absolute simplicity.His substance, therefore, cannot be divided or parceled out. Thehuman soul is not a thing eternally existing in God's being. Itis a creature. It is a thing made.

2. The soul is made by God's creative act. It iscreated; it is made out of nothing. It is a spirit, having initself no material element nor any essential dependence upon whatis material. Now, such a spiritual being can have no possibleorigin but by the direct creative act of God.

3. Since creation is an act proper to God alone, in whichno creature can serve as a medium (such as an instrumental cause ora ministering cause), the soul must be created immediately byalmighty God.

4. The human soul is not created and held in readiness forunion with its body. For every soul is the soul of one definitehuman being, and not just a soul, suitable for any one ofa number of bodies. Thesoul bears a definite real relation toits own body, that is, the body which it is to constitute as theliving body of one individual human being. There is nopre-existence of human souls. Soul and body together make onesubstantial thing, one essence and nature; the soul begins to existwhen this one nature begins to exist. Therefore, the human soul isnot produced before the body.

"A person who rails at God in adversity, suffers without merit; moreover by his lack of resignation he adds to his punishment in the next life and experiences greater disquietude of mind in this life."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Let persons in the world sanctify themselves in their own houses, for neither the court, professions, or labour, are any hindrance to the service of God."
St Philip Neri

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"Before a man chooses his confessor, he ought to think well about it, and pray about it also; but when he has once chosen, he ought not to change, except for most urgent reasons, but put the utmost confidence in his director."
St Philip Neri

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