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115. How One Creature Moves Another: Bodies

1. Bodies act upon other bodies. Fire burns wood; foodsupports living substance; a horse pulls a wagon; wind erodes amountain; water moistens earth. Every bodily substance, by itsbeing what it is, by its actuality, has an activity by which itaffects other bodies, and is in potentiality to be affected byother bodies.

2. Living bodies bear the germs or seeds of offspringwhich they tend to move into existence. Nonliving bodies haveaptitude to be moved or affected by other bodies. In a word, allbodies exhibit a basic fitness or aptitude for the movement of bodyby body.

3. The heavenly bodies, and notably the sun, produceeffects in inferior bodies. Each inferior body receives, accordingto its nature, the action of a superior body. The movement ofearthly bodies is referred to movements of the heavenly bodies.

4. The heavenly bodies cannot directly affect the higherpowers ofman, that is, the intellect and the will. They may,however, exercise an indirect influence on the intellective powersthrough the senses of the human body. It is impossible that theheavenly bodies should be the direct cause of human actions.

5. The heavenly bodies can have no effect at all upon thedemons or bad angels; these angels are spirits, and no influence ofextraneous bodies on spirits is possible.

6. Nor is the direct influence of heavenly bodies onmatter always and necessarily effective.

"Those who love God are always happy, because their whole happiness is to fulfill, even in adversity, the will of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"The essence of perfection is to embrace the will of God in all things, prosperous or adverse. In prosperity, even sinners find it easy to unite themselves to the divine will; but it takes saints to unite themselves to God's will when things go wrong and are painful to self-love. Our conduct in such instances is the measure of our love of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"A single act of uniformity with the divine will suffices to make a saint."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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