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106. How One Creature Moves Another: Angels

1. One angel can enlighten another, the superior angelmanifesting truths which it grasps perfectly to inferior angelswhose grasp is less perfect. It agrees with the nature ofintellectual creatures to move or effect others of their kind inthis fashion of one teaching and others being taught.

2. Thus, by affording enlightenment, one angel may moveanother angel's intellect. But one angel cannot changeanother's will. Only God can effect such a change.

3. An inferior angel cannot enlighten a superior angel anymore than a candle can bring illumination to the sun. Among humanbeings, who learn by degrees, because their knowing is bound upwith material things, it can happen that one who knows much may beenlightened by one who knows little. This cannot be so among purespirits who do not achieve knowledge ploddingly and piecemeal ashuman beings do.

4. The higher an angel is, the more it participates thedivine goodness; consequently, the more it tends to impart itsgifts to lesser angels. The superior angel tends to give all thatit knows to inferior angels, but these cannot perfectly receive allthat is given. Hence the superior angels remain superior eventhough they impart all their knowledge. Somewhat similarly, thehuman teacher who does all he can to impart his own completeknowledge to his young pupils, remains superior in knowledge evenafter he has taught the lesson; for the pupils take in by a lessercapacity than that of the giver.

"Those who love God are always happy, because their whole happiness is to fulfill, even in adversity, the will of God."
St Alphonsus de Liguori

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"Whoever wants to stand alone without the support of a master and guide will be like the tree that stands alone in a field without a proprietor. No matter how much the tree bears, passers-by will pick the fruit before it ripens. "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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