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106. How One Creature Moves Another: Angels

1. One angel can enlighten another, the superior angelmanifesting truths which it grasps perfectly to inferior angelswhose grasp is less perfect. It agrees with the nature ofintellectual creatures to move or effect others of their kind inthis fashion of one teaching and others being taught.

2. Thus, by affording enlightenment, one angel may moveanother angel's intellect. But one angel cannot changeanother's will. Only God can effect such a change.

3. An inferior angel cannot enlighten a superior angel anymore than a candle can bring illumination to the sun. Among humanbeings, who learn by degrees, because their knowing is bound upwith material things, it can happen that one who knows much may beenlightened by one who knows little. This cannot be so among purespirits who do not achieve knowledge ploddingly and piecemeal ashuman beings do.

4. The higher an angel is, the more it participates thedivine goodness; consequently, the more it tends to impart itsgifts to lesser angels. The superior angel tends to give all thatit knows to inferior angels, but these cannot perfectly receive allthat is given. Hence the superior angels remain superior eventhough they impart all their knowledge. Somewhat similarly, thehuman teacher who does all he can to impart his own completeknowledge to his young pupils, remains superior in knowledge evenafter he has taught the lesson; for the pupils take in by a lessercapacity than that of the giver.

"When the devil has failed in making a man fall, he puts forward all his energies to create distrust between the penitent and the confessor, and so by little and little he gains his end at last."
St Philip Neri

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"It is better to be burdened and in company with the strong than to be unburdened and with the weak. When you are burdened you are close to God, your strength, who abides with the afflicted. When you are relieved of the burden you are close to yourself, your own weakness; for virtue and strength of soul grow and are confirmed in the trials of patience."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"The supreme perfection of man in this life is to be so united to God that all his soul with all its faculties and powers are so gathered into the Lord God that he becomes one spirit with him, and remembers nothing except God, is aware of and recognises nothing but God, but with all his desires unified by the joy of love, he rests contentedly in the enjoyment of his Maker alone."
St Albert the Great

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