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90. Parts of the Sacrament of Penance

1. Penance is said to have parts inasmuch as severalthings are required to constitute this sacrament. This isparticularly the case with regard to the matter of thesacrament.

2. The parts of penance are the acts of the penitent:contrition, confession, and satisfaction. We may add, as a fourthpart, the absolution imparted by the priest.

3. An integral part of anything is something inand of the thing itself which gives completeness or perfection. Thethree acts of the penitent (contrition, confession, satisfaction),are called integral parts of penance. These acts must allcome together to constitute the rounded perfection of penance in sofar as this perfection depends on the penitent.

4. Considering penance as a virtue, wedistinguish three types or varieties of it: penance before baptism;penance for mortal sin; penance for venial sin.

"The more you know and the better you understand, the more severely will you be judged, unless your life is also the more holy. Do not be proud, therefore, because of your learning or skill. Rather, fear because of the talent given you."
Thomas á Kempis

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"Obedience is the true holocaust which we sacrifice to God on the altar of our hearts."
St Philip Neri

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"A man should keep himself down, and not busy himself in mirabilibus super se."
St Philip Neri

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