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54. Blood Relationship as Impediment

1. Blood relationship or consanguinity isestablished by natural descent from a common ancestor.

2. Degrees of consanguinity are distinguished according tolines. The ascending and descending line (father, son,grandson, great-grandson) is the direct line. The lines onthe various levels of the ascending and descending line are calledlateral or collateral lines (brother, sister, firstcousins, second cousins, and so on).

3. Consanguinity is, by natural law, an impediment tomarriage between certain closely related persons. It would becontrary to the ends of marriage, chief of which is the welfare ofoffspring, if inbreeding were practiced. What was necessary in thebeginning of the race is not needed now. The voice of nature, aswell as the voice of human experience, proclaims the unlawfulnessof marriage between near relatives.

4. The Church, by her disciplinary or regulative laws(canons), fixes the degrees of consanguinity within which marriageis forbidden.

"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"Many words do not satisfy the soul; but a good life eases the mind and a clean conscience inspires great trust in God."
Thomas á Kempis

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"The Lord has always revealed to mortals the treasures of his wisdom and his spirit, but now that the face of evil bares itself more and more, so does the Lord bare his treasures more."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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