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75. Transubstantiation

1. The words of consecration, pronounced by the priest,change bread and wine into the true body and blood of Christ. Thissacrament is not a symbol or sign of Christ's body and blood;it is, in actual fact, the body and blood of Christ.

2. By the consecration, the substance of the bread and thesubstance of the wine cease to exist, and there remains only thesubstance of the living Christ.

3. The substance of the bread and the substance of thewine are not merely dissolved or disintegrated, either gradually orinstantaneously; neither are these substances annihilated. They arechanged into the body and blood of Christ.

4. The whole substance of the bread is, by divine power,changed into the whole substance of the body of Christ. And thewhole substance of the wine is, by divine power, changed into thewhole substance of the blood of Christ.

5. The accidentals or accidents of bread and wine (suchas, size, color, shape, taste) remain after the change, which iscalled tran-substantiation, has taken place. Theseaccidentals do not become theaccidentals of Christ; theyremain the accidentals of bread and wine, even though the substanceof bread and the substance of wine no longer exist to be qualifiedby these accidentals.

6. The element in a bodily thing that makes it the kind ofsubstance that it is, is called the substantial form ofthat thing. When a substantial form is joined with primalmatter, it constitutes the matter as an existing bodilysubstance of a definite kind. Now, in transub-stantiation, thesubstantial form of bread (that which constitutes the bread as thiskind of substance and no other) is removed; it does not remain, forthe substance is now not bread at all, but the substance of theliving Christ. And the same is true of the substantial form of thewine; it does not remain, for, by transubstantiation, that whichwas wine is now not wine at all, but the substance of the livingChrist.

7. Transubstantiation is an instantaneous change. There isno consuming of time, no movement of the elements (bread and wine)through successive stages or degrees as the change occurs whichturns bread and wine into the body and the blood of Jesus Christ.That which infinite power accomplishes need not be worked bydegrees, or with time intervals, as though some effort and skillwere being applied to the work.

8. To say, "The body of Christ is made out ofbread," is true when the words are rightly understood, thatis, when these words are understood to mean, "Bread is changedsubstantially, and is now no longer bread, but the body ofChrist."

"It is vanity to be concerned with the present only and not to make provision for things to come."
Thomas á Kempis

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"There is nothing which gives greater security to our actions, or more effectually cuts the snares the devil lays for us, than to follow another person’s will, rather than our own, in doing good."
St Philip Neri

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"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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