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74. The Matter of the Holy Eucharist

1. The matter of the Holy Eucharist is bread andwine.

2. No determinate amount of bread and wine is requisitefor this sacrament. No tangible quantity of bread and wine iseither too small or too large for valid use in confecting the HolyEucharist. Reverence, and church law, determines the seemly amountof the matter to be employed.

3. The bread which is requisite as matter for the HolyEucharist is bread made of wheaten flour.

4. True wheaten bread, leavened or unleavened, is validmatter for the Holy Eucharist. The Church decides which type ofwheaten bread is to be used. In the Latin Church, unleavened breadis prescribed; in the Greek rite, leavened bread is used.

5. True wine of the grape is necessary as matter for theHoly Eucharist. At the institution of the sacrament, our Lord said(Matt. 26:29): "I will not drink henceforth of this fruit ofthe vine . . ."

6. At Holy Mass, a little water is mingled with the winethat is to be consecrated. This recalls the fact that water wasmingled with the last drops of redeeming blood that flowed from theside of Christ as he hung upon the cross. It also suggests, as PopeJulius says, the unity of Christ and the faithful: the winesignifies Christ, and the water the people.

7. This mingling of a few drops of water with the wine tobe consecrated at Mass is a requirement of strict church law, butit is not essential to the validity of the consecration.

8. Only a very small quantity of water is mingled with thewine which is used as matter for confecting the Holy Eucharist atMass. If much water were used, the mixture could no longer becalled true wine, and therefore would not be valid matter for thissacrament.

"Whoever wants to stand alone without the support of a master and guide will be like the tree that stands alone in a field without a proprietor. No matter how much the tree bears, passers-by will pick the fruit before it ripens. "
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"Try to turn your heart from the love of things visible and bring yourself to things invisible. For they who follow their own evil passions stain their consciences and lose the grace of God. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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