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79. The Quasi-Integral Parts of Justice

1. The quasi-integral parts of justice are the directivesinvolved in the exercise of justice, namely, "do good,"and "avoid evil." These directives of the natural lawindicate what is requisite for the act of justice. They aretherefore called "parts" or "quasi-parts" ofjusticeitself. Justice seeks equality of good between a manand God, a man and his neighbors as individuals, a man and hiscommunity. Now, "doing good" sets up this equality;"avoiding evil" saves the equality already set up.

2. Transgression violates the rule of "avoidevil." It is an act against a negative precept, a preceptwhich says, "Thou shalt not," or has the force of suchprohibition.

3. Omission violates the rule of "dogood." It is the failure to obey a positive precept.

4. Usually, it is easier to avoid evil than to stironeself to do good. Therefore, it is usually a graver sin totransgress than to omit, since one may, with the smaller effort,refrain from transgression.

"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"As the flesh is nourished by food, so is man supported by prayers"
St Augustine

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"Let persons in the world sanctify themselves in their own houses, for neither the court, professions, or labour, are any hindrance to the service of God."
St Philip Neri

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