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79. The Quasi-Integral Parts of Justice

1. The quasi-integral parts of justice are the directivesinvolved in the exercise of justice, namely, "do good,"and "avoid evil." These directives of the natural lawindicate what is requisite for the act of justice. They aretherefore called "parts" or "quasi-parts" ofjusticeitself. Justice seeks equality of good between a manand God, a man and his neighbors as individuals, a man and hiscommunity. Now, "doing good" sets up this equality;"avoiding evil" saves the equality already set up.

2. Transgression violates the rule of "avoidevil." It is an act against a negative precept, a preceptwhich says, "Thou shalt not," or has the force of suchprohibition.

3. Omission violates the rule of "dogood." It is the failure to obey a positive precept.

4. Usually, it is easier to avoid evil than to stironeself to do good. Therefore, it is usually a graver sin totransgress than to omit, since one may, with the smaller effort,refrain from transgression.

"It is better to be burdened and in company with the strong than to be unburdened and with the weak. When you are burdened you are close to God, your strength, who abides with the afflicted. When you are relieved of the burden you are close to yourself, your own weakness; for virtue and strength of soul grow and are confirmed in the trials of patience."
St John of the Cross, OCD - Doctor of the Church

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"Shun too great a desire for knowledge, for in it there is much fretting and delusion. Intellectuals like to appear learned and to be called wise. Yet there are many things the knowledge of which does little or no good to the soul, and he who concerns himself about other things than those which lead to salvation is very unwise. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"God has no need of men."
St Philip Neri

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