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60. The Distinction of Moral Virtues

1. The moral virtues are habits of the intellectiveappetency called the will. Like all habits they are distinguishedby their respective objects.

2. First, moral virtues may be classified as those thatcontrol operations (for instance, justice) and those that controlthe passions (temperance). There is an overlapping in the exerciseof these two classes of moral virtues, as, for example, when a manacts justly with pleasure or joy, or performs his duty (justice)with courage.

3. In reference to operations there are various moralvirtues, such as religion and piety; yet all these are rooted inthe virtue of justice.

4. And likewise there are various moral virtues whichcontrol passions. Fortitude touches fear and courage; meeknessmoderates anger; temperance controls desire.

5. The moral virtues which regulate passions aredistinguished from one another by the distinct objects of thepassions involved inasmuch as these are subject to reason. Thus, wedistinguish fortitude, liberality, temperance, friendship,truthfulness, etc.

"God has no need of men."
St Philip Neri

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"This is the greatest wisdom -- to seek the kingdom of heaven through contempt of the world. "
Thomas á Kempis

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"Lord, here burn, here cut, and dry up in me all that hinders me from going to You, that You may spare me in eternity."
St Louis Bertrand

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