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60. The Distinction of Moral Virtues

1. The moral virtues are habits of the intellectiveappetency called the will. Like all habits they are distinguishedby their respective objects.

2. First, moral virtues may be classified as those thatcontrol operations (for instance, justice) and those that controlthe passions (temperance). There is an overlapping in the exerciseof these two classes of moral virtues, as, for example, when a manacts justly with pleasure or joy, or performs his duty (justice)with courage.

3. In reference to operations there are various moralvirtues, such as religion and piety; yet all these are rooted inthe virtue of justice.

4. And likewise there are various moral virtues whichcontrol passions. Fortitude touches fear and courage; meeknessmoderates anger; temperance controls desire.

5. The moral virtues which regulate passions aredistinguished from one another by the distinct objects of thepassions involved inasmuch as these are subject to reason. Thus, wedistinguish fortitude, liberality, temperance, friendship,truthfulness, etc.

"Lord, here burn, here cut, and dry up in me all that hinders me from going to You, that You may spare me in eternity."
St Louis Bertrand

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"As the flesh is nourished by food, so is man supported by prayers"
St Augustine

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"The supreme perfection of man in this life is to be so united to God that all his soul with all its faculties and powers are so gathered into the Lord God that he becomes one spirit with him, and remembers nothing except God, is aware of and recognises nothing but God, but with all his desires unified by the joy of love, he rests contentedly in the enjoyment of his Maker alone."
St Albert the Great

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